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Handicrafts are devices or works of art that are made completely by hand or by the use of relatively simple tools. Such goods are usually made in the traditional way of manufacturing goods. Therefore, the knowledge of the art of craft is usually passed down from one generation to another. The items made using these traditional methods of manufacturing are usually produced in smaller quantities and they often represent the culture or religious beliefs of the community that makes them. The goods are also handmade from natural materials that are found in the environment of the particular economy.

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A painting is equal to thousand words, means a beautiful painting is equal to million of words. Paintings are one of the oldest art forms -- throughout history artists have played an important role in documenting social movements, spiritual beliefs and general life and culture.

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Bhanja The King of Orissa

Posted by Art Of Legend India [dot] Com On 2:06 AM
Upendra BhanjaThe paintings at Sitabhinji in the Keonjihar district represent the early phase of painting in Orissa during the time of the Bhanjas. Situated close to the village Danguapasi are typical boulders at Sitabhinji, named after characters from the Ramayana like Sita, Lava, Kusa and Ravana. In fact, one of the boulders, known as Ravanachchhaya, has a painting on the smooth-cut underside forming the ceiling of the roof. 
The painting has been very much damaged by weather, but what remains, though a small area of 17' x 10', presents a royal procession with an inscription painted below mentioning Sri Maharaja Disabhanja. It is thus clear that the painting is of the time of the Kalinga king of that name of the Bhanja dynasty. The letters are of about the eighth century A.D. and the painting may be referred to that period. It therefore represents a continuation of the Gupta tradition in Orissa and is almost contemporary with the Parasuramesvara temple at Bhuvanesvar. 

Ashoka the great in Orissa during the time of the Bhanjas The procession shows a king on an elephant with the umbrella held over him, cavaliers and foot-soldiers preceding and following the stately animal. It closely follows the Bagh representation though it is not so beautiful. This is the earliest painting found in Orissa and has to be recognised as one of the early schools of painting in India.

Writer – C. Sivaramamurti


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