Posted by Art Of Legend India [dot] Com On 12:40 AM
Glass painting is a kind of drawing painted on the inside surface of transparent glass, executed with oil, watercolor and gum on glass sheets. Glass paintings are also known as reverse glass paintings. It is a traditional and ancient art of India. These paintings are found in Thanjavur (Tanjore, Tamil Nadu), Kerala and Maharashtra. They are excellent decorative wall paintings. The art of glass painting appeared in India in the late 18th and early 19th century, it was a traditional and ancient art of India.. Europe was well acquainted with the glass painting technique from the middle ages. The Chinese artists learnt the art from Europe. The flourishing trade relations between East India Company and China brought this art to India.
The process of painting glass is not too difficult. An engraving is laid down on the back of the glass. The designs are outlined. Thereafter, special glass paints are applied. These paints are water or gum arabic based. They are fired onto the glass using a kiln. The heat of the kiln ensures that they permanently bond with the glass. Since glass paintings are painted on the reverse, they are also called reverse glass paintings. Glass paintings were noted for their sheer brilliance, stunning clarity and use of rich colors.
By the 17th century, Glass Paintings started spreading to different countries across the world. In the early 18th century, it touched the Indian shores when it showed its splendor in the western part of the country, especially in Gujarat state. The Indian version of glass paintings saw the domination of bright colors, portraits of God, ornamental nature, women and mythological figures. In these paintings, popular stories, epic themes, icons etc. are also depicted.
These paintings also show the wonderful craftsmanship of the artisans and beauty with enriched colors and mystical luminosity. The glass was imported in India from Britain and Belgium. India had a rich tradition of producing glass till the 16th century. However, the art became inferior in course of time. Till today, in some parts of India especially in Gujarat and South India glass paintings are still produced carrying the both popular and folk art traditions. Glass paintings of Bihar are very different in form and sometimes in theme as well. These are larger pictures, usually with religious themes and are characterized by their fine line work and vibrant colours. Glass paintings of Bengal can be identified by the distinctive type of figures and costumes and by the muted pastel shades that are used.All paintings are courtesy of Art of Legend India.